Education

Home/Education
Education 2017-07-02T01:49:36+00:00

Signs That Your Horse Needs a Dental Exam Part 4

All horse owners know their horse very well.  The slightest indication that your horse is not doing well sends out the red flag.  So if you see facial swelling, a one sided nasal discharge with [...]

Signs that Your Horse Needs a Dental Exam Part 3

Horses are creatures of habit.  They want to eat at the same time every day. They routinely sleep in the same area of the pasture each night.  Understanding your horse’s normal behavior patterns will aid [...]

Signs that Your Horse Needs a Dental Exam Part 2

In our previous newsletter, we covered the basics of what to look for when your horse needs a dental exam.  In the next few letters we will have a series available explaining in more detail [...]

Signs That Your Horse Needs a Dental Exam Part 1

Equine injuries such as wounds or soft tissue swellings are typically easy to recognize.  Problems that aren’t visible to the eye, however, can go unnoticed.  Take dental issues, for example.  These often go undetected because [...]

No Teeth, No Horse!

All horse owners have heard old timer’s say, “No feet, No horse!” Well think about this…No Teeth, No Horse! Horses must eat to survive. They are continuous grazers and usually eat 16-18 hours daily when [...]

All horse owners need to know the names, functions and locations of all the different teeth in a horse’s mouth. Please review our Anatomy section to help you review.

Incisors

Function: Nip/cut grass.
Number: 12 (six upper and six lower)
Baby Set: Complete by 8 months
Adult Set: Complete by 4.5 years

Baby
Incisors

Complete Baby Incisors

Complete baby (deciduous)
set by 8 months of age.

Central Adult Incisors

Central incisors erupt
at 2 ½ years of age.

Intermediate Adult Incisors

Intermediate Adult Incisors

Intermediate (middle) incisors
erupt at 3 ½ years of age.

Corner Adult Incisors

Corner Adult Incisors

Corner incisors erupt
at 4 ½ years of age.


Canines

Function: Used for fighting which is why these teeth are usually only found in geldings and stallions [some mares have small ones] Number: 4 [two upper and two lower on each side] [adult set erupts between 4 ½ and 5 yrs]


Two Uppers/ Two Lowers
Canines
Lower Canine

Wolf Teeth

Function: None. Evolutionary remnant when horses had 7 cheek teeth in each arcade instead of 6 [six].
Number: Up to 4. Most have 1-2 uppers. Usually erupt between 6-12 months of age.


Four possible[two upper and two lower]
Complete Baby Incisors
Upper wolf tooth.

Cheek Teeth

Cheek teeth schematic
Function: Grinding of food down to a small enough size for the horse to swallow it. The jaws grind side to side when hay and grass is eaten and up and down when grain is consumed.
Number: 24 total [4 sets of six cheek teeth (each set is called an arcade)].
Cheek teeth consist of premolars and molars. The premolars have a baby set while the molars do not.
The last four upper cheek teeth can communicate with the horse’s sinuses. Infection of these teeth secondary to fracture or periodontal disease can lead to a secondary sinusitis and a one sided nasal discharge. This discharge also usually has an odor.

Cheek Teeth

Intraoral view of the mouth

cheek3

Cheek teeth include premolars and molars.

incisors

Eruption of permanent cheek teeth [yrs]

Cheek Teeth

Permanent cheek teeth erupting

Feed By Weight, Not Volume

A basic guideline to making sure your horse receives the correct amount of feed and hay is to weigh them. The following is a simple way to measure how much feed/hay your horse is getting [...]

Estimating Weight of A Horse Without a Scale

The most accurate method for estimating a horse’s weight using a weight tape is the formula method, which requires two measurements be made in inches. When a weight scale is not available or practical, the [...]

Signs That Your Horse Needs a Dental Exam Part 4

All horse owners know their horse very well.  The slightest indication that your horse is not doing well sends out the red flag.  So if you see facial swelling, a one sided nasal discharge with [...]

Signs that Your Horse Needs a Dental Exam Part 3

Horses are creatures of habit.  They want to eat at the same time every day. They routinely sleep in the same area of the pasture each night.  Understanding your horse’s normal behavior patterns will aid [...]

Signs that Your Horse Needs a Dental Exam Part 2

In our previous newsletter, we covered the basics of what to look for when your horse needs a dental exam.  In the next few letters we will have a series available explaining in more detail [...]

Feed By Weight, Not Volume

A basic guideline to making sure your horse receives the correct amount of feed and hay is to weigh them. The following is a simple way to measure how much feed/hay your horse is getting [...]

Signs That Your Horse Needs a Dental Exam Part 1

Equine injuries such as wounds or soft tissue swellings are typically easy to recognize.  Problems that aren’t visible to the eye, however, can go unnoticed.  Take dental issues, for example.  These often go undetected because [...]

Estimating Weight of A Horse Without a Scale

The most accurate method for estimating a horse’s weight using a weight tape is the formula method, which requires two measurements be made in inches. When a weight scale is not available or practical, the [...]

No Teeth, No Horse!

All horse owners have heard old timer’s say, “No feet, No horse!” Well think about this…No Teeth, No Horse! Horses must eat to survive. They are continuous grazers and usually eat 16-18 hours daily when [...]